Skin is our biggest organ, a protective shield from the environment. It protects us from bad biological, physical and chemical influences from the environment. It prevents evaporation of water from the body, a great thermal insulator and significant part of the body immune system. But years don’t spare anyone and the body gets older and so does get skin with it. On some people it will be visible sooner, mostly very light skin people, while people with thicker more fat consisting skin shows less visual indicators of aging. Even though it’s a process we can’t stop, we can slow it down with proper care.
It’s not all about genes
Skin has few layers but they all age equally, the visible changes are mostly on the parts of the body that are not usually covered like face, back of the head, forearms and shins. You can start showing aging skin sooner than normally and that can be noticed by rougher skin with showing of the deeper wrinkles, less elasticity, more visible capillaries or showing of pigmentation spots on the skin.
Skin becomes dry and wrinkles more visible and the surface loses the shine. The look of the older face also can be due to losing volume of the skeletal muscles which creates the look of extra skin and flabbiness of the fat pads around the eyes which emphasize the lowering of the eyebrows. Cheeks also start to lower as the corner of the lips and skin on the chin and neck starts to relax and gravity does its work. But the speed of the skin aging can’t be blamed solely on genes even though a lot about aging is written there, because there are still outside factors that we can control and thus slow down the aging process.
Sun, the main problem
Natural aging starts in the third decade of our life and it is a relatively slow process called intrinsic aging. But on the other side, our skin since early age is affected by outside elements that are called extrinsic aging. The main damaging source of outside aging is sun, then habits like smoking, drinking and diet, also polluted environment, cold, heat, etc., can affect the skin aging. Sun emits ultraviolet light that is separated into three wavelengths, UVA, UVB and UVC. Ultraviolet C is mostly absorbed in the atmosphere, UVB also gets stuck in the atmosphere but enough passes to have an effect. It is required for creating vitamin D in the skin, but it is also damaging to the DNA and can cause sunburns. UVA is the most dangerous of the three since it causes significant damage to the DNA and can cause skin cancer. Aging of the skin affected by sun is called photoaging. Skin becomes dark yellow, rough, loses elasticity and causes pigmentation. So it is very important to protect your skin from the sun’s ultraviolet radiation.
Adequate care with addition of avoiding sun when it’s strongest is using the protective supplements. If there is already advanced degradation of the skin due to the sun there are solutions for that. Creating new collagen and elastic fibers can be accomplished by using locally the retinoic acid, dermabrasion or chemical skin peeling.
Before the morning face wash, it’s good to know that lukewarm water removes the oily ingredients on the surface of the skin and with that losing protective coating of the skin. And if you are using the soap, it’s even more efficient. Using water and soap is fine if you have oily skin, while normal and dry skin is better to clean with more oily products like cleaning milk.
On a cleaned face usually some tonic is used to stabilize the protective acidic layer of skin, narrows the wrinkles, gently disinfects and refreshes the skin. With usual cleaning products in use, today it’s very popular to use micellar solutions which are good for cleaning all types of skin. With dry skin, use of micellar solution will save optimal balance of lipids and secure hydration of the surface protective layer of the skin. A normal and oily skin micellar solution will thoroughly clean the skin, without drying it out, irritation or creating imbalance of natural pH of the skin. Micelles are colloid particles with small size and mass which makes them float in the water solution. They act like a magnet on the skin by attracting the impurities and extra oils (sebum) made by sebaceous glands. After using a micellar solution the skin doesn’t need extra washing.
Enriched nutritional creams
To secure the softness and youth look of the skin you need to know the rules of skin hydration and to secure necessary skin moisture. During the day it’s best to use hydration cream that has ingredients to protect the skin from environment elements. The main task is to stop the dehydration of the upper layers of the epidermis. At night it’s good to use creams before going to sleep that have regenerative substances like natural collagen and elastin. Those are the most important proteins to keep the skin elastic.
More popular are also the use of liposomes. They have the same lipid composition like membrane lipids of the skin which they secure easier passing through epidermal cells. In the last decade there has been a lot of research in understanding how skin ages on cellular and molecular level and that makes it possible to produce new “anti-aging” products that are more efficient.
Healthy lifestyle, trying to avoid too much stress, avoiding bad environment effects and with good skin care we can significantly reduce skin aging and not only for the esthetic look, but also to keep our biggest organ healthy to make the whole body healthier. And also, don’t overdue with the sun exposure. Even though it is necessary for our body and skin, too much exposure to bad UV rays will do more damage than benefits, so use adequate skin UV protectors.
Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.