For a while now leek has been popular among people who want to lose weight or do a spring body cleansing from toxins. Now the scientist found out that leek is particularly good for women since it keeps them from hip arthrosis.

Researchers from London King’s College and University of East Anglia published an article about the role of leek and it’s close cousins – onion and garlic, in prevention of hip arthrosis in women. This was known in scientific circles as a connection with weight and more rapid degradations on joint cartilage, but they couldn’t figure out why. The common thesis was that lower body weight simply does less stress on the joints and therefore keeps them healthy. So they decided to more in detail study the connection of arthrosis and leek which is one vegetable that was rich in minerals, vitamins, fibers and had no effect on weight gain.

Study was done on more that 1000 female twins, which many didn’t have any sign of arthrosis. They kept the detailed diet plan from test subjects and analyzed RTG pictures that can show smallest changes on the joints. They found out that hip arthrosis is a lot less common in women who had diet based on larger amounts of fruits and green vegetables, especially leek.

Scientists think that leek has that good effect on big amounts of diallyl disulfide, an active substance that has sulphur. That is a mineral that has a strong anti-inflammatory effect and since in the background of every arthrosis is inflammation, that kind of solved the puzzle.

Origin of leek

As a food and used in medicine, leek was used by old Egyptians and Greek. It slowly spread to most of Europe. Latin name for Leek is Allium ampeloprasum var. porrum and it’s a member of the same group of vegetables as scallion, onion or garlic. Leek is mostly a year round vegetable, especially during spring when it’s young and rich with nutrients. Plant has a thick white stem in its bottom part and layered deep green leaves. Whole plant can be consumed but the top of the leaves has a pretty rough texture so it’s less commonly used. Leaves are very rich in beta carotene and vitamin C, but during the cooking they lose those nutrients, so it’s better to eat leaves raw like salads. In 100g (3.6oz) of leek there is only 61 kcal, 2.9g carbohydrates but 1.8g of fibers. So it’s great for those who keep their weight in check or have problems with constipation. Leek has a milder taste than onion or scallion, but has more proteins so it’s also good for people doing sports. It is a good source of vitamins from B complex that is good for nerves and healthy skin, and also very rich in minerals like iron, potassium, magnesium and manganese which are all essential for a healthy cardiovascular system. But it’s most important component is sulfur which is part of many types of phyto substances.

Leek has thiosulfinate which during the cutting or any mechanical damage converts into sulphides. Sulphides are phyto substances that act like natural antibiotics and help in fighting bacterial infections. They also lower blood pressure and cholesterol levels which helps keep the healthy heart and brain. They can reduce the risk of some cancers, especially stomach cancer and also activate lots of enzymes that are important in detoxification of the body. Leek has plenty of essential oils that stimulate secretion of digestive juices and has also diuretic effect so it’s a good friend of the digestive and urinary tract.

Overall, it’s a very good vegetable if you want to clean your body in the spring from all the toxins you accumulated during the winter and at the same time boost your body with a planty of good nutrients at low amounts of calories.

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Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.

According to nutritionists around the world put the lentil on top of the healthiest foods. Lentil has an important spot in building muscle mass, raising body energy, regulating the digestive system and keeping your gut in good shape and lowering the sugar levels in the blood. It’s maybe cause of the low glycemic index that it started to gain in popularity recently. Mostly neglected, this type of legume crop is slowly coming to the big scene.

Lots of welcomed nutrients

Latin name for this crop is „lens culinaris“ and it dates back to the neolithic age of the Middle East region. It was found in the tombs of egyptian pharaohs, it was consumed by old Greeks and Romans. Experts think that lentil came to Europe from India where even today is one of main component of traditional diet. Like soy, beens, peas, horse bean, lentil is also part of that family of legume crops. There are more than 30 types of lentil varieties different in shape, color and size. Most common are brown and green, but there are other colors like orange or black. In 100 gram (3.6 oz) of boiled lentil there is 110 kcal, fats only in traces, but a lot of proteins which make it a good replacement for meat.

Among the proteins most important are ones made out of leucine and lysine, essential amino acids that our body can’t produce, but are essential for our body to function well. Lentil is also a good source of complex carbohydrates which make you feel full in your stomach and they raise the energy, but they are also slow to digest so there are no sugar spikes in the blood. It is very rich with insoluble fibers that helps in keeping the gut working like a clock. They also contain some soluble fibers that help with lowering sugar and fat levels in blood.

Lentil is a good source of various minerals like potassium, phosphorus, magnesium, iron so it’s recommended to people with anemia. It also contains many vitamins like A, beta carotene and vitamins from B complex. All this makes lentil a great food for various conditions. It’s good for a healthy skin and nerve system. Due to the good amount of folic acid it’s recommended to pregnant women. In traditional medicine it is widely used in various problems with digestive track. In everyday diet it’s great for vegetarians and vegans as a replacement for meat. It can be used to make many types of dishes, from soups to bread and it’s easily combined with other types of food.

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Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.

Despite all the apples from doctors to eat healthier and diverse food, in our diet there are still too many processed foods and sugar, with less vitamins and minerals. That’s why it’s not a surprise that anemia is a relatively common problem among young children, especially those whose mother also had anemia during the pregnancy. Often this problem occurs with women because of menstruation, people with chronic kidney and liver problems or they have long term bleeding in their digestive tract. Anemia can occur also with people who are doing physical work or athletes during heavy efforts.

Main characteristic of anemia is lower concentration of red blood cells and/or hemoglobin in one liter of blood. Hemoglobin is a protein that’s located inside of red blood cells and its role is to transfer oxygen from lungs to the cells in the body. Although anemia can occur due to lack of B12 vitamin, the most common cause is lack of iron in the body. This mineral is absorbed in duodenum and the beginning part of the small intestine and has a huge role in that absorption has gastric acid and vitamin C.

Always tired without a reason

The condition is diagnosed with a lab test that shows the value of hemoglobin and concentration of red blood cells and their satiation with hemoglobin. In getting a diagnosis helps the value of iron in the blood which normal values range between 8 – 30 mmol/L. Due to this high span in acceptable iron values it’s very important to prepare well for the blood test to get much precise results since heavy physical work, alcohol, some drugs and vitamins supplemented food can give false results.

People who should consider anemia as a health issue are those who get tired quickly during physical work, they are sleepy without any reason, their heart has a higher pump rate or they have a sense of choking. Often headaches, irritability, dizziness, lack of appetite can also point toward anemia. People who have anemia can be recognized by their pale skin, their tongue is red and smooth, corners of their lips cracked and nails are easy to break. Children with anemia usually develop more slowly from their peers, they have problems with concentration, memory and are more susceptible to illness.

Treating anemia always depends on the cause, but sometimes it takes a value to find the right cause. Long term chronic illness can often be a cause of anemia but due to the importance of the primary illness anemia can be overlooked and in this case it should be treated along with primary illness.

Persistence gives results

Today anemia is easily treated with iron supplements, but they should never be taken without consultations with a doctor who will prescribe specific dosage and type of supplement. That is especially important for older people whose digestive tract absorbs more slowly and people with stomach problems that are using anti acid supplements on their own but they can cause problems with iron absorption. Some other drugs like tetracycline and sulfonamide can also disrupt the absorption of iron. Important thing to know is that anemia can’t be solved overnight and it usually takes weeks or months to fix the problem.

How to help yourself?

Major number of anemia in the population is due to bad eating habits, by taking food that has low iron values or causes the problem with iron absorption in some way. Natural sources of iron in food are meat, fish, liver, eggs, integral cereals, green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits. Iron from meat and fish are 4-5 times better absorbed by our body than those coming from fruits or vegetables, but those are also rich in vitamins especially those rich with vitamin C which helps in iron absorption. So a healthy and broad eating menu is advised to keep iron in check.

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Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.

Skin, the largest human organ with size of around 2 square meters or 21 square feet acts like a first line of defense from harmful impacts of the environment. Despite being exposed to high risk of physical damage, it also gives an ideal habitat for various microorganisms, like unpleasant fungus. They have the capability of destroying keratin, a basic component of skin cells, which they attack with specific enzymes causing fungal skin conditions or dermatomycoses.

People can get infected by fungus through contact with other people or from various objects like clothes, shoes, hats, bed sheets, etc. Infection transfer is especially effective in large groups like kindergarten, schools and working environments. Also people can get infected by fungus from animals or fungi that are primarily living on the soil.

Humidly fertile surface

Healthy skin is excellent protection against various unwanted citizens, like fungus. But wet, damaged skin will serve as a great entry point for all kinds of microorganisms and help in their propagation and cause illness. Especially good places for that are ones where skin is under constant friction and thus easy to miss with naked eye.

For fungus to spread there has to be good conditions like humidity, temperature around 37 C or 99 F and skin pH acidity from 5 – 7. Some people are more prone to fungal infections due to various reasons like lower immune system, exhaustion and fatigue, long therapies with antibiotics and cytostatics, AIDS, etc.

For fungal diseases there are various names, but in practice there are three types – saprophytic fungus, dermatophyte fungus and systemic fungal infection.  Saprophytic fungus live and spread on the surface of the skin and they don’t cause any inflammations.  Dermatophyte fungus are destroying keratin and causing changes on skin, hair and nails. Systemic infections are the hardest fungal infection where infection is spreading to internal organs.

The most common fungal infection overall is saprophytic Pityriasis versicolor since they love humid and warm places. Therefore they are more prone to infect people that sweat more like athletes, physical workers, overweight people, etc. The infection doesn’t just cause an aesthetic problem but it has to be taken seriously due to part of skin affected by it becoming entry points for different infections. People need to arm themselves with patience since this type of fungal infection is very resilient to therapy. Treatments are done in short intervals over a longer period of time with various shampoos, spreyes and solutions that have antifungal effect.

Hygiene and persistence

If you have a problem with this type of fungal infection after showering you need to pay attention to remove skin peelings where most of the fungus reside. Also wear clothes made from natural fabrics and avoid synthetic clothes. Try to avoid all activities where you would sweat more and forget swimming in public pools for a while. Stay persistent with the therapy.

Dermatophyte fungus infections that cause inflammation on the skin are coming from a larger group of fungus like Microsporum canis, T. rubrum, T. mentagrophytes,  and sometimes yeast like Candida albicans. Yeasts are special group of fungus that can cause changes on mucosa, or cause some dangerous infection in organs.

Depending what is the cause of the infection, the clinical picture can be different. On smooth skin without hair there are usually pink-reddish spots that slowly spread and flake, but the center of the spot is recovering. On the scalp, except the skin flaking the hair itself starts to break so sometimes it looks like there isn’t any hair on those infected areas. It is very important to find the right cause. In other cases the fungus will spread deeper into skin and cause deep inflammation and pus nods.

Also other areas can be infected. If it’s nails they can become yellow with white spots that spread to the whole nail which eventually starts to crack, thickening or sometimes even fall out. If the infection is on the place where there is skin frictioned by movements, like areas between fingers, under the breasts, under the armpit or on thighs, than the skin becomes red, wet, flaking and away from infected area there starts to appear so called „satellite pustula“. On that spot there will be scratching sensation, and if you remove the skin flakes it shows a shiny light red surface.

Athlete’s foot

Changes can appear on hands and feet, mostly between the fingers and toes causing itching, red skin, cracks and sometimes bubbles. This type of infection often affects athletes and therefore comes the name „athlete’s foot“.

If you suspect a fungal infection, you should definitely consult with the dermatologist. After a series of specific tests the doctor will determine the proper diagnosis and according to that a proper way of treating it. Therapy depends on a number of factors with most important the area of infection (scalp, skin, nails), how deep infection is, inflammation and contagious. Main therapy includes antifungal drugs, but also there are creams, losions, sprays and shampoos which are used directly on the infected areas. Systemic therapy is needed when the infection is persistent and it spreads to bigger areas of skin. In case of bacterial superinfection there should be antibiotics included in therapy also.

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Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.

Potassium along with sodium, is one of the main electrolytes in the body,  important for many vital bio-chemical processes. Normal level of potassium in blood is between 3.9 – 5.1 mmol/L. It’s main positively charged electrolyte (cation) inside the cell, while his level in out of cell liquids is significantly lower. With sodium the situation is inverse. Exactly that cooperation between potassium and sodium, in complex biochemical processes ensures many physiological functions, like transfer of nerve impulses, muscle contractions, blood pressure control. Potassium along with sodium works in regulation of water in the body, necessary for protein synthesis, insulin extraction from penkrias, carbohydrate metabolism, hormone releasing, embryonic development, cell dividing, regulation of acid base balance, etc.

Problems due to low amounts

There is enough potassium in food so in normal circumstances it’s rare to talk about potassium deficiency. But, there are situations and conditions when there can be a deficiency in the body. It usually happens to people active in sport activities and people under great physical stress, due to heavy sweating, than in cases of diarrhea and vomiting, during a therapy with various diuretics that drain potassium, during a time of long hunger and various illnesses.

First sign of potassium deficiency is overall tiredness and muscle weakness and muscle spasms. More serious potassium deficiency leads to imbalance of electrolytes in the body that affects all muscles and nerves. That often leads to irregular heart rhythm, blood pressure drop, overall body weakness, confusion, sleepiness, thirst and vomiting. For defining the relative amount of potassium in the body it requires a lab blood testing. It’s necessary in situations when there is suspicion that there is some problem with potassium deficiency and depending on the results of blood test, fixing the status of its amount in the body.

Best way to supplement potassium to the body is by consuming potassium rich food like bananas, grapes, tomatoes, beans, potatios, brocule, fish, chicken, dairy products. In certain situations potassium is supplemented by taking the pills with potassium or in severe cases with blood infusion.

Problems due to high amounts

Potassium is extracted from the body through kidneys, so in some situations when kidneys aren’t functioning properly it can lead to lower extraction of potassium and sign of hyperkalemia. High concentrations of potassium are usually amounts higher than 6 mmol/L. It can happen when excess usage of diuretics does not extract potassium from the body so it accumulates, also in case of diabetes. Most common symptoms are muscle weakness, shivering, chest pain, heart arrhythmia, and it’s even possible for a heart to stop. It’s necessary to find out the cause of hyperkalemia and go with therapy in conjunction with treating the main illness.

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Disclaimer: This text is for general informational purposes only. It should not be used to self-diagnose and it is not a substitute for a medical exam, cure, treatment, diagnosis, and prescription or recommendation. Always seek the advice of a physician or other qualified health provider with any questions you may have regarding a medical condition. Dimology – Healthy World are not liable or responsible for any advice, course of treatment, diagnosis or any other information, services or product you obtain through this site.

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